Botticelli: Heroines and Heroes
explores the work of the legendary Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, focusing on a genre called spalliera
that Botticelli employed with staggering originality. The catalog and exhibition, held at the Gardner Museum, Boston, include significant loans from European and American public collections.
Accompanying the exhibition at the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston (February 14 – May 19, 2019), this catalog explores the work of legendary Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli (about 1444–1510). Today the alluring and enigmatic Primavera
forms the cornerstone of his modern fame, but its familiarity belies distant origins in the heady intellectual environment of Laurentian Florence and the residences of its moneyed elite. Part of a genre called spalliera
, so named for their installation around shoulder (spalla
) height, this type of painting introduced beautiful, strange, and disturbing images into lavish Florentine homes. With staggering originality, Botticelli reinvented ancient subjects for the domestic interior, paneling patrician bedrooms with moralizing tales and offering erudite instruction to their influential inhabitants.
At the center of this exhibition is a spalliera
reunited, the Gardner’s Tragedy of Lucretia
and its companion The Tragedy of Virginia
(Accademia Carrara, Bergamo). Together with extraordinary loans of the same genre from European and American public collections, Heroines and Heroes
explores Botticelli’s revolutionary approach to antiquity – from ancient Roman to early Christian – and offers a new perspective on his late career masterpieces.